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Age-Related Changes in the Non-Linear Mechanical Strain Response of Human Peripapillary Sclera

[+] Author Affiliations
Massimo A. Fazio, Rafael Grytz, Christopher A. Girkin, J. Crawford Downs

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL

Jeffrey S. Morris

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Luigi Bruno

University of Calabria, Cosenza, Italy

Paper No. SBC2013-14748, pp. V01BT54A004; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14748
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5561-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

In glaucoma, the optic nerve head (ONH) is the site of damage to the retinal ganglion cell axons that transmit the visual information from the eye to the brain. Results of several randomized prospective trials showed that intraocular pressure (IOP), age1, increased optic disc cupping, corneal thickness, and African ancestry2 are independently associated with glaucomatous progression. All of these risk factors have a biologically plausible association with either the level of IOP, the severity of disease, or biomechanical properties of the ONH. Importantly, age is the only risk factor other than IOP that is independently associated with the onset and progression of glaucoma across all of the major prospective clinical trials conducted over the past twenty years. In addition, every population-based survey conducted to date has demonstrated a strong relationship between the prevalence of glaucoma with advancing age, despite almost no studies showing IOP changes with age. These findings indicate that the aging ONH becomes increasingly vulnerable to glaucomatous injury at similar levels of IOP.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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