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A Continuous-Discrete Finite Element Model of Angiogenesis That Couples Vessel Growth With Matrix Deformation

[+] Author Affiliations
Lowell T. Edgar, Steve A. Maas, James E. Guilkey, Jeffrey A. Weiss

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Paper No. SBC2013-14327, pp. V01BT28A002; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14327
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5561-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Recent developments in tissue engineering have created demand for the ability to create microvascular networks with specific topologies in vitro. During angiogenesis, sprouting endothelial cells apply traction forces and migrate along components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), resulting in neovessel elongation [1]. The fibrillar structure of the ECM serves as the major pathway for mechanotransduction between contact-dependent cells. Using a three-dimensional (3D) organ culture model of microvessel fragments within a type-I collagen gel, we have shown that subjecting the culture to different boundary conditions during angiogenesis can lead to drastically different vascular topologies [2]. Fragments cultured in a rectangular gel that were free to contract grew into a randomly oriented network [3, 4]. When the long-axis of the gel was constrained as to prevent contraction, microvessels and collagen fibers were found aligned along the constrained axis (Fig. 1) [4].

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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