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Uptake of Soluble Gases in the Entire Respiratory Systems of Rats and Humans Using Transient CFD/PBPK Models

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Kabilan, A. Kuprat, D. Einstein, J. Carson, R. Jacob, K. Minard, R. Corley

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

Paper No. SBC2013-14548, pp. V01BT25A004; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14548
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5561-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

With the advancement of experimental and computational techniques, three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) airflow models of the respiratory system have increasingly been used to evaluate aerosol deposition, gas exchange and airflow characteristics under various physiological and/or disease conditions. One specific application that is emerging in the field of toxicology is assessing the risk for exposure to highly reactive, water-soluble gases and vapors including formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, hydrogen sulfide, and acrolein by coupling CFD models of nasal airways of rats and humans to physiological based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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