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A Novel Perfusion Bioreactor for 3D Cell Culture in Microgravity Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Isu, Diana Massai, Giulia Cerino, Diego Gallo, Cristina Bignardi, Alberto Audenino, Umberto Morbiducci

Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy

Paper No. SBC2013-14502, pp. V01AT22A004; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14502
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Cell suspension culture methods based on the generation of microgravity environment are widely used in regenerative medicine for (1) the production of native-like three-dimensional (3D) cell aggregates and engineered tissues [1,2,3], for (2) low cost scalable cell expansion and long-term cell viability maintenance [4,5], and for (3) guiding differentiation of stem cells (SCs) [6]. The generation of a microgravity environment for 3D cell cultures, mimicking the native environment, promotes spatial freedom, cell growth, cell-cell interaction and improves mass transfer and cell exposure to nutrients. Nowadays, microgravity cell cultures are obtained by using stirred or rotating bioreactors, but both devices suffer from limitations: stirring bioreactors generate non-physiological shear stresses, which could damage cultured cells, interfere with SC pluripotency, and limit reproducibility of the culture process; rotating bioreactors are expensive devices due to the complex technological solutions adopted for obtaining rotation [5].

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Bioreactors

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