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A New Device for an Early Rehabilitation of the Ankle Joint and its Effects on Brain Activation: A NIRS and EEG Study

[+] Author Affiliations
Simone Pittaccio, Lorenzo Garavaglia, Elena Villa, Francesca Passaretti

National Research Council of Italy, Lecco, Italy

Erika Molteni, Elena Beretta, Sandra Strazzer

IRCCS “E.Medea”, Associazione La Nostra Famiglia, Bosisio Parini, Italy

Eleonora Guanziroli, Franco Molteni

Clinica “Villa Beretta”, Ospedale Valduce, Costamasnaga, Italy

Filippo Zappasodi

Università “G.D’Annunzio”, Chieti, Italy

Paper No. SBC2013-14243, pp. V01AT20A011; 2 pages
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The ankle joint is a fundamental element in the biomechanical system of locomotion. When its functions are impaired, due to neurological insult such as brain trauma or a stroke, severe disability and loss of personal independence may ensue. For this reason, great care is given to the physical rehabilitation of the lower limb. On the other hand, it is often the case that only a limited amount of time can be specifically devoted to the ankle joint manipulation during routine rehabilitation sessions. Furthermore, early initiation of active workout may be impossible for patients showing paresis; even passive exercise is often delivered to a minimal degree while the general conditions of the patients impose that they are kept bedridden. The delay in commencing rehabilitation may have negative consequences in terms of detrimental changes in tissue properties, deafferentation through lack of proprioceptive stimulation, learned non-use, and, ultimately, spastic paresis [1].

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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