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Customized Release of Metronidazole From Composite Casted Rings of Poly-Caprolactone/Alginate for Periodontal Drug Delivery

[+] Author Affiliations
Binil Starly, Shih-Feng Lan, David Schmidtke

University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK

Paper No. SBC2013-14177, pp. V01AT20A009; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14177
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Dental implants provide support for dental crowns and bridges by serving as abutments for the replacement of missing teeth. The objective of this study was to demonstrate a novel method of controlled localized delivery of antibacterial agents to an implant site using a custom fabricated ring. The study involved incorporating a model antibacterial agent (metronidazole) into custom designed Poly-ε-Caprolactone/Alginate (PCL/Alginate) composite rings to produce the intended controlled release profile. In vitro release studies indicate that pure (100%) alginate rings exhibited an expected burst release of metronidazole in the first few hours, whereas Alginate/PCL composite rings produced a medium burst release followed by a sustained release for a period greater than 4 weeks. By varying the PCL/Alginate weight ratios, we have shown that we can control the amount of antibacterial agents released to provide the minimal inhibitory concentration needed for adequate protection. The developed system demonstrates a controllable drug release profile and the potential for the ring to inhibit bacterial biofilm growth for the prevention of diseases such as peri-implantitis resulting from bacterial infection at the implant site.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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