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Image Based Flow Computations Without User Generated Meshes

[+] Author Affiliations
Seth Dillard, John Mousel, Liza Shrestha, Madhavan Raghavan, Sarah Vigmostad

The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Paper No. SBC2013-14224, pp. V01AT13A006; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14224
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Medical image processing has emerged as a powerful way to simulate fluid flows through realistic models of complex patient-specific geometries without relying upon simplifying geometric approximations. However, image-based flow modeling processes traditionally involve several steps (e.g. image segmentation, surface mesh generation, volumetric flow mesh generation, and finally computational simulation) that must often be performed using separate pieces of software. This work presents an alternative methodology in which the entire image-based flow modeling process takes place on a Cartesian domain with the image embedded as an implicit surface, circumventing the need for complex surface meshes and body-fitted flow meshes. The complete framework is demonstrated with flow calculations performed in a computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction of an intracranial aneurysm (ICA). Flow calculations are compared against calculations performed following a standard multi-step route using the Vascular Modeling Toolkit (VMTK) [1, 2] and Fluent™ (Ansys, Inc., Lebanon, NH).

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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