Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Quantification of Shockwave Transmission Through the Cranium Using an Experimental Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Alok S. Shah, Brian D. Stemper, Narayan Yoganandan

Medical College of Wisconsin & Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI

Barry S. Shender

Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division, Patuxent River, MD

Paper No. SBC2013-14356, pp. V01AT10A004; 2 pages
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Studies have hypothesized mechanisms for brain injury resulting from exposure to blast waves. Theories include shockwaves increasing fluid pressure within brain tissue by transmitting through bones and blood vessels 1, indirect brain tissue damage due to ischemia from pulmonary blast injury 2, and formation of mechanical stresses that can result in tissue distortion 3. Mechanical damage to brain tissue can occur due to skull flexure resulting in loads typically seen in impact-induced injury 4 or axonal shearing/stretching, due to linear or rotational accelerations resulting in Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI) 5. Despite several investigations it remains unclear whether direct propagation of the shockwave through the cranium can deform brain tissue and result in mechanically-induced injury 6. Finite element 7, 8 and animal 9, 10 models provide information on mechanisms and outcomes of blast-induced mTBI (mild traumatic brain injury). However, validations of FEM studies were limited due to the paucity of high rate material properties. Animal tests were designed to understand mechanisms of shockwave transmission but most did not report intracranial pressures. Understanding blast injury mechanisms requires a better delineation of shockwave energy transfer through the head and the influence of factors including region-specific differences, and mechanical properties of brain simulant. A Post Mortem Human Subjects (PMHS) model was used in this study to examine these factors and provide an understanding of shockwave transmission through the tissues of the human head.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Shock waves



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In