0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Characterizing Swelling Pressure and Hydration Relationship for Porcine Corneal Stroma

[+] Author Affiliations
Hamed Hatami-Marbini, Ebitimi Etebu, Abdolrasol Rahimi

Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK

Paper No. SBC2013-14759, pp. V01AT05A017; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14759
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The mechanical properties and structure of connective tissues such as the cornea and articular cartilage are derived from the functions and properties of their extracellular matrix, which is a polyelectrolyte gel composed of collagenous fibers embedded in an aqueous matrix. The collagen fibrils in the extracellular matrix of the corneal stroma are arranged in a regular lattice structure, which is necessary for corneal transparency and transmitting the incident light to the back of the eye. This regular pseudo hexagonal arrangement is attributed to the interaction of collagen fibrils with the proteoglycans; these regularities are lost in proteoglycan knock-out mice [1]. Proteoglycans are heavily glycosylated glycoproteins consisting of a core protein to which glycosaminoglycan chains are covalently attached. The main proteoglycan in the corneal stroma is decorin. Decorin is the simplest small leucine-rich proteoglycan with only a single glycosaminoglycan side chain. It has a horse shape core protein and binds collagen fibrils at regular sites. Under normal physiological conditions, these linear carbohydrate polymers are ionized and carry negative charges due to the presence of negatively charged carboxylate and sulfate groups. The presence of these fixed charges creates an imbalance of charge density within the stroma and its surrounding aqueous domain. Therefore, the tissue has a tendency to swell when immersed in a bathing solution. In order to create mathematical models for the corneal mechanics, a proper experimental characterization of the swelling properties of the tissue is necessary.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Cornea

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In