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Small Scale Flow Structure Evolution During Mechanical Heart Valve Closure

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Mousel, H. S. Udaykumar, K. B. Chandran

The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Paper No. SBC2013-14603, pp. V01AT04A019; 2 pages
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Despite half a century of use, mechanical heart valves still require further research to reduce the non-physiologic nature of the flow field, which is the source of potential medical complications, of which the most serious complication is thrombus formation [1]. In the systolic phase of the flow, excessive fluid stresses are generated by the non-physiologic flow patterns [2, 3]. In the closed valve position, a large pressure gradient is imposed across the device which leads to the generation of strong and damaging small-scale leakage flows that entrain platelets such that they are exposed to elevated stresses for excessive time durations [4–6].

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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