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Distributed Live Muscle Actuators Controlled by Optical Stimuli

[+] Author Affiliations
Devin Neal, H. Harry Asada

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Mahmut Selman Sakar

ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Paper No. SBC2013-14851, pp. V01AT02A007; 2 pages
doi:10.1115/SBC2013-14851
From:
  • ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments
  • Sunriver, Oregon, USA, June 26–29, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5560-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

A multi degree of freedom skeletal muscle system stimulated via optical control is presented. These millimeter-scale, optically excitable 3D skeletal muscle bio-actuators are created by culturing genetically modified precursory muscle cells that are activated with light: optogenetics. These muscle bio-actuators are networked together to create a distributed muscle system. Muscle systems can manipulate loads having no fixed joint. These types of loads include shoulders, the mouth, and the jaw.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Actuators , Muscle

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