Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effects of Moisture Exposure on the Mechanical Behavior of Polymer Encapsulants in Microelectronic Packaging

[+] Author Affiliations
Nusrat J. Chhanda, Jeffrey C. Suhling, Pradeep Lall

Auburn University, Auburn, AL

Paper No. IPACK2013-73242, pp. V001T07A017; 9 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • Volume 1: Advanced Packaging; Emerging Technologies; Modeling and Simulation; Multi-Physics Based Reliability; MEMS and NEMS; Materials and Processes
  • Burlingame, California, USA, July 16–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5575-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Polymer encapsulants exhibit evolving properties that change significantly with environmental exposures such as moisture uptake, isothermal aging and thermal cycling. In this study, the effects of moisture adsorption on the stress-strain behavior of a polymer encapsulant were evaluated experimentally. The uniaxial test specimens were exposed in an adjustable thermal and humidity chamber to combined hygrothermal exposures at 85 °C/85% RH for various durations. After moisture preconditioning, a microscale tension-torsion testing machine was used to evaluate the complete stress-strain behavior of the material at several temperatures. It was found that moisture exposure caused plasticization and strongly reduced the mechanical properties of the encapsulant including the initial elastic modulus and ultimate tensile stress. Reversibility tests were also conducted to evaluate whether the degradations in the mechanical properties were recoverable. Upon fully redrying, the polymer was found to recover most but not all of its original mechanical properties. As revealed by FTIR, some of the adsorbed water had been hydrolyzed in the organic structure of the epoxy-based adhesive, causing permanent changes to the mechanical behavior.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In