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Transparent Electrodes From Graphene/Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Composites

[+] Author Affiliations
Hossein Sojoudi, Fernando Reiter, Samuel Graham

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Paper No. IPACK2013-73158, pp. V001T07A008; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • Volume 1: Advanced Packaging; Emerging Technologies; Modeling and Simulation; Multi-Physics Based Reliability; MEMS and NEMS; Materials and Processes
  • Burlingame, California, USA, July 16–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5575-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


A transparent conductive electrode comprised of alternating layers of graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and metallic single wall nanotubes (M-SWNTs) is presented. It was found that the addition of two single-layer graphene sheets enhances the conduction pathways in the M-SWNT film, yielding up to a 75% decrease in the sheet resistance with little sacrifice in the optical transmittance. Enhancements in the electrical properties of the films were made through a heat treatment process followed by nitric acid and thionyl chloride doping, yielding a sheet resistance of 70 Ω/sq with a transmittance of 78% at 550 nm. Composite films having undergone an annealing step were found to have stable electrical properties upon exposure to atmospheric conditions while doped films demonstrated limited stability.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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