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Characterization of Crack Growth in BGA Under Drop Impact

[+] Author Affiliations
Quang Nguyen, Seungbae Park

Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY

Tung Nguyen

Microsoft Inc., Mountain View, CA

Paper No. IPACK2013-73110, pp. V001T05A002; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • Volume 1: Advanced Packaging; Emerging Technologies; Modeling and Simulation; Multi-Physics Based Reliability; MEMS and NEMS; Materials and Processes
  • Burlingame, California, USA, July 16–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5575-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This paper presents the characterization of the crack growth rate of Sn-4.0wt.%Ag-0.5wt.%Cu (SAC405) solder joints under drop impact. Several actual ChipArray® BGA (CTBGA) packages were cross-sectioned, polished and used as the test vehicles. The ball drop tests were performed using a specially-designed tester. The drop impact from the drop ball induces bending in the PCB, which damages the solder joints. The crack lengths in the solder joints were measured after every five drops using microscope imaging. Crack growth rates were calculated from the test results. Insight into the crack growth rate in solder joints under drop impact is provided. The direct cyclic approach for low-cycle fatigue analysis in ABAQUS was used to simulate the crack growth in the solder joints.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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