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Experimental Study of Damage Mechanism of Carbon Nanotube as Nano-Component of Electronic Devices Under High Current Density

[+] Author Affiliations
Kazuhiko Sasagawa, Kazuhiro Fujisaki, Jun Unuma, Ryota Azuma

Hirosaki University, Hirosaki, Japan

Paper No. IPACK2013-73130, pp. V001T03A003; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/IPACK2013-73130
From:
  • ASME 2013 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems
  • Volume 1: Advanced Packaging; Emerging Technologies; Modeling and Simulation; Multi-Physics Based Reliability; MEMS and NEMS; Materials and Processes
  • Burlingame, California, USA, July 16–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5575-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Carbon nanotube (CNT) has a great tolerance to high current density which is a cause of electromigration (EM). Therefore, CNT is expected to use as the materials of nanoscale components of electronic devices. The damage mechanisms of CNT are regarded as the effects of oxidation by Joule heating and/or the EM by high-density electron flows. In this study, we investigated the damage mechanism of CNT structures used as nano-component of electronic devices. An EM acceleration testing system was designed using the CNT structures collected at the gap of thin-film electrodes. The EM tests were conducted under the several kinds of current density conditions and the surrounding environments. An indicator of lifetime was determined by voltage measurements during the acceleration tests and their fracture phenomena were evaluated by means of microscopic observations. As the results, the amounts of lifetime of CNT were longer in the lower oxygen concentrations than in the air condition. In the microscopic studies, it was confirmed that the local evaporation of carbon atoms due to oxidation appeared at the cathode side of the CNT structures under low current density, and the center area of CNT under high current density. Both types of damage morphologies induced by oxidation and EM were observed at the damaged CNT. The results showed the dominant damage mechanism alternated between oxidation and EM depending on current density under oxygen rich conditions.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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