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Analysis of Wave Propagation in Overhead Contact Wire of Trains Using the Transfer Matrix Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Takahiro Fukui, Toshihiko Asami, Tomohiko Ise

University of Hyogo, Himeji, Hyogo, Japan

Paper No. PVP2013-97850, pp. V008T08A047; 8 pages
  • ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Paris, France, July 14–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division, Nondestructive Evaluation Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5574-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In this paper, we propose a method for analyzing the vibration properties of contact wires (trolley wires) using the transfer matrix method (TMM), by treating them as a periodic structure. When the speed of the train increases, self-excitation vibration of the wires may occur. When the trolley wires repeatedly contact and separate from the pantograph, the pantograph is worn by the sparks. Therefore, the vibration of the trolley wires must be kept as small as possible. For such problems, many researchers have proposed vibration analysis of the wires. However, these methods are not suitable for the vibration analysis of wires because of the very complicated wave propagation phenomenon. The TMM proposed in this study is an easy technique for studying wave propagation since the vibration properties can be simplified greatly by handling the smallest unit of repetition of the structure. Using this method, we can identify the frequencies of the vibration-attenuating domain (stop-band) and the vibration-amplifying domain (pass-band). If we can bring the excitation frequency of the wire to the stop-band domain, wear of the pantograph can be reduced. Here, we introduce three cell models; two of them do not take into account the elasticity of the trolley wire, and the other does. Then, we discuss how the stop-band appears in these models.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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