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Response Analysis of a Seismic Isolated Structure Considering the Nonlinearity of the Rubber Bearings

[+] Author Affiliations
Alexandre Borsoi, Satoshi Fujita

Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo, Japan

Keisuke Minagawa

Saitama Institute of Technology, Fukaya, Saitama, Japan

Paper No. PVP2013-97267, pp. V008T08A001; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 8: Seismic Engineering
  • Paris, France, July 14–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division, Nondestructive Evaluation Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5574-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In Japan, the application of seismic isolation systems using rubber bearings to industrial structure and new generation Nuclear Power Plants have been considered in order to enhance seismic safety. However, the isolation performance will decline in case of huge earthquakes, because of the nonlinearity of both horizontal and vertical restoring characteristics of the rubber bearings. The horizontal restoring force has a hardening characteristic and the vertical restoring force has a softening characteristic. In addition, the horizontal nonlinearity depends on vertical load, so the interaction between the horizontal and vertical response is important. Consequently, in this paper, the analysis of the nonlinearity of the rubber bearings and the coupling between those two directions will be carried out. Then, after comparing these two approaches, the utility of considering this dependency will be estimated.

To do so, a simulation program, based on the Runge-Kutta-Gill’s method has been developed in order to evaluate the seismic response of the isolated structure composed of rubber bearings and oil dampers. The nonlinearity of the rubber bearings is considered, and the coupling of the vertical load and the horizontal hardening has been implemented.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Rubber , Bearings



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