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Simulating Natural Axial Crack Growth in Dissimilar Metal Welds due to Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Rudland

US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC

D.-J. Shim

Engineering Mechanics Corporation of Columbus, Columbus, OH

S. Xu

Kinectrics, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. PVP2013-97188, pp. V06AT06A061; 8 pages
  • ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6A: Materials and Fabrication
  • Paris, France, July 14–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division, Nondestructive Evaluation Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5570-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


For axial subcritical crack growth in dissimilar metal (DM) welds due to Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking (PWSCC), the crack growth in the length direction is limited to the weld width since the base materials are not susceptible to this type of cracking mechanism. However, the crack may continue to grow in the depth direction until it penetrates the wall thickness. Since the weld width can be much less than the pipe wall thickness, axial cracks have the potential of growing much deeper than they are long. Published stress intensity factor influence functions for semi-elliptical axial cracks in pipe suggest that as the half crack length (c) becomes smaller than the crack depth (a), the stress intensity factor at the deepest point of the crack begins to decrease. These solutions suggest that in many cases, these types of cracks may arrest before penetrating the wall thickness. However, natural flaw growth using the Advanced Finite Element Method (AFEA) suggests that these cracks will not arrest and the stress intensity factor does not decrease in a manner suggested by idealized flaw growth analyses using semi-elliptical crack influence functions.

In this paper, modifications to idealized flaw growth analyses are proposed to predict the natural PWSCC axial crack growth within DM welds. A series of modified flaw growth predictions are presented and compared to published AFEA results. The simplistic rules developed in the paper allow the use of standard influence functions in predicting the time to leakage for axial cracks in DM welds without having to conduct the more complex AFEA analyses.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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