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Non-Destructive Detection of Crack in HDPE Plate by Nanometric Change in Surface Profile

[+] Author Affiliations
Naoya Tada, Makoto Uchida, Yoshitaka Matsukawa

Okayama University, Okayama, Japan

Paper No. PVP2013-97732, pp. V005T10A012; 9 pages
  • ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 5: High-Pressure Technology; ASME NDE Division; Rudy Scavuzzo Student Paper Symposium
  • Paris, France, July 14–18, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division, Nondestructive Evaluation Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5569-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


When a mechanical load is given to a cracked material, an undulation appears in surface profile around the crack. The undulation is caused by stress-strain concentration at the crack tip and its release near the crack center. If the load is very small and within the elastic deformation range, the material recovers the original shape after unloading and no damage remains. Therefore, this surface undulation by a small mechanical load can be used for detection of crack on the material surface. In this study, non-destructive crack detection method by nanometric change in surface profile is proposed, and the experiment and related finite element analyses were carried out for notched high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plates. Non-uniform height change by a small mechanical load around the notch on the surface of HDPE plate was measured by a laser scanning microscope. The height change distribution agreed with the analytical result.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Crack detection



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