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Performance of Rigid Porous Stratification Manifolds With Interpretation for Off-Design Operation

[+] Author Affiliations
Shuping Wang, Jane H. Davidson

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. ES2013-18015, pp. V001T01A002; 9 pages
  • ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability collocated with the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division, Solar Energy Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5551-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Thermal stratification of solar water storage tanks improves collector efficiency and provides higher quality energy to the user. A crucial aspect of maintaining stratification is preventing mixing in the tank, particularly during solar charging and hot water draws. An effective and simple approach to flow control is an internal stratification manifold. In this paper, the performance of the rigid porous manifold, which consists of a series of vertical hydraulic resistance elements placed within a perforated tube, is considered for charging operation. A 1-D model of the governing mass, momentum, and energy conservation equations is used to illustrate the procedure for designing a manifold and to explore its performance over a broad range of operating conditions expected in solar water storage tanks. A manifold performance indicator (MPI) is used to evaluate the effectiveness of the manifold relative to an inlet pipe positioned at the top of the tank. The rigid porous manifold improves the stratification in the tank over a wide range of operating conditions unless the inlet flow rate is significantly reduced from the design point.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Design , Manifolds



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