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Modeling of Thermally Grown Oxide Layer Growth as a Moving Boundary Problem

[+] Author Affiliations
Michael Benissan, Stephen Akwaboa, Amitava Jana, Patrick Mensah

Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, LA

Paper No. HT2013-17505, pp. V004T14A019; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2013-17505
From:
  • ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 4: Heat and Mass Transfer Under Extreme Conditions; Environmental Heat Transfer; Computational Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer; Nuclear Energy
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5550-8
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Thermal efficiency of energy conversion systems such as gas turbines can be increased greatly with an increase in the turbine inlet temperature of combustion gases. However, this necessitates the use of efficient cooling techniques in addition to thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to help significantly improve the life expectancy of gas turbine blades. The effect of TBC use is the formation of oxides, particularly alumina, at the interface of the ceramic top coat and bond coat material during in-service application. This effect is well known to cause failure of TBCs exposed to extreme high temperature environments. The objective of this paper is to present a micro-scale finite difference thermal model for the TBC-Substrate system that considers growth of the TGO layer and predicts in-situ thermal gradients. The governing equation is the transient heat diffusion equation discretized over a 1-D domain using mean value finite volume method with grid adaptation for zones involving depletion of bond coat (BC) material and TGO growth; hence, necessitating a moving interfacial boundary problem. The resulting algebraic equations are simultaneously solved in MATLAB to produce temperature distributions and BC/TGO interfacial locations. The model has utility in studying the evolution of residual stresses and hence prediction of TBC durability and failure.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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