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The Effect of Vertical and Horizontal Partitions on Natural Convection in a Heated Enclosure

[+] Author Affiliations
Sunita Kruger

University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa

Leon Pretorius

University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Paper No. HT2013-17439, pp. V004T13A004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 4: Heat and Mass Transfer Under Extreme Conditions; Environmental Heat Transfer; Computational Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Heat Transfer Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer; Nuclear Energy
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5550-8
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In this paper, turbulent buoyancy induced convection in a partitioned square cavity with conducting baffles is numerically investigated to determine overall heat transfer performance. The finite volume method using polyhedral cells is used to solve the governing mass, momentum and energy equations and to predict the flow patterns and heat transfer in the cavity. The cavity consisted of two adiabatic vertical walls, an isothermal horizontal wall located at the bottom at Th and the top wall isothermal at Tc. The configuration was investigated for Ra = 9.1 × 107 to Ra = 1.9 × 109 (turbulent). The conducting baffles are assigned various values of effective thermal resistances, calculated using thermal conductivity. The effects of these conducting baffles and their effective thermal resistance are shown in terms of temperature and velocity contour plots and average Nusselt number. Results indicated that the presence of baffles influenced the heat transfer from the hot wall considerably, and it was concluded that a partitioned enclosure containing conducting partitions can be used to represent an enclosed greenhouse containing raised benches with single/multiple racks.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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