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Natural Convection in Cubic and Rhomb-Shaped Enclosures

[+] Author Affiliations
Milorad B. Dzodzo

Westinghouse Electric Company, Cranberry Township, PAUniversity of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Paper No. HT2013-17724, pp. V003T21A004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 3: Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment; Symposium in Honor of Professor Richard Goldstein; Symposium in Honor of Prof. Spalding; Symposium in Honor of Prof. Arthur E. Bergles
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5549-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Laminar natural convection in cubic and rhomb–shaped enclosures (rhomb angles 59°, 44° and 28.2°) with two opposite vertical walls kept at different temperatures was investigated experimentally and numerically. The enclosures were filled with glycerol and the Rayleigh (Ra) and Prandtl (Pr) numbers ranged from 2,000<Ra<369,000 and 2,680<Pr<7,000. The visualization of the velocity and temperature fields was obtained by using Plexiglass and liquid crystal particles as tracers. The finite volume method based on the finite difference approach was applied for numerical analysis. The velocity and temperature fields and average Nusselt numbers were found as a function of the Reyleigh and Prandtl numbers. Comparison of the average Nusselt numbers for cubic and rhomb-shaped enclosures indicates decrease of heat transfer for the cases when the lower and upper vertical walls of the rhomb-shaped enclosures are at lower and higher temperatures, respectively. This is due to the tendency of fluid stratification in the lower and upper corners.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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