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High Temperature Heat Transfer During Hot Forming Die Quenching of Boron Steel

[+] Author Affiliations
Etienne Caron, Kyle J. Daun, Mary A. Wells

University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

Paper No. HT2013-17201, pp. V003T09A006; 8 pages
  • ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 3: Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat Transfer in Electronic Equipment; Symposium in Honor of Professor Richard Goldstein; Symposium in Honor of Prof. Spalding; Symposium in Honor of Prof. Arthur E. Bergles
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5549-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Distributed mechanical properties can be obtained in ultra high strength steel parts formed via hot forming die quenching (HFDQ) by controlling the cooling rate and microstructure evolution during the quenching step. HFDQ experiments with variable cooling rates were conducted by quenching Usibor® 1500P boron steel blanks between dies pre-heated up to 600°C. The heat transfer coefficient (HTC) at the blank / die interface, which is used to determine the blank cooling rate, was evaluated via inverse heat conduction analysis. The HTC was found to increase with die temperature and stamping pressure. This heat transfer coefficient increase was attributed to macroscopic flattening of the boron steel blank as well as microscopic deformation of surface roughness peaks. At the end of the hot stamping process, the HTC reached a pressure-dependent steady-state value between 4320 and 7860 W/m2·K when the blank and die temperatures equalize.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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