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Design of a Fluid-Based Micro-Scale Electrocaloric Refrigeration System

[+] Author Affiliations
Dongzhi Guo, Jinsheng Gao, Ying-Ju Yu, Suresh Santhanam, Gary K. Fedder, Alan J. H. McGaughey, Shi-Chune Yao

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

Andrew Slippey

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Lancaster, PA

Paper No. HT2013-17396, pp. V001T01A018; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamental Research in Heat Transfer
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, July 14–19, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5547-8
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The electrocaloric effect (ECE) is a phenomenon in which reversible temperature and entropy changes of a material due to polarization appear under the application and removal of an electric field. Materials with a giant ECE have recently been reported, suggesting practical application in cooling devices. In this paper, a refrigeration system composed of silicon MEMS cooling elements is designed based on the ECE in a terpolymer. Finite element simulations are performed to explore the system performance. The effect of the form of the applied electric field is studied. The time lag between the electric field and the diaphragm motion is found to affect the cooling power significantly. A parametric study of the operating frequency is also conducted. The results indicate that when the system is operated at a temperature difference of 5 K, a cooling power density of 2 W/cm2 is achieved for one element.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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