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Upgrade of Corrosiveness Nature of Fish Waste Bio-Oil Using a Hybrid Catalyst (MgO/Na2CO3) Optimization Process

[+] Author Affiliations
Nadia Mrad

Universités d’Aix-Marseille, École Centrale Marseille, Marseille, FranceLUNAM Université, École des Mines de Nantes, Nantes, France

Fethi Aloui

Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, Valenciennes, France

Mohand Tazerout

LUNAM Université, École des Mines de Nantes, Nantes, France

Paper No. FEDSM2013-16391, pp. V01CT26A003; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2013-16391
From:
  • ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Liquid-Solids Flows; Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow; Noninvasive Measurements in Single and Multiphase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes; Transport Phenomena in Mixing; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives
  • Incline Village, Nevada, USA, July 7–11, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5556-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

In this work, catalytic cracking of waste fish oil (WFO) to bio-fuel for diesel engine was studied over hybrid catalysts (Sodium carbonate Na2CO3/Magnesium oxide). The experiments were conducted using a fix-bed reactor. The effect of catalyst-to-WFO ratio and the amount of each catalyst were studied over the yields of bio-oil and acid value AV, of the bio-oil following central composite design (CCD). The statistical analysis showed that catalyst significantly affected the bio-oil yield and acid value. A higher bio-oil yield over 70 wt% with a lower acid value (2.7 mgKOH/goil) were identified at catalyst-to-WFO of 1:7 by using the same amount of sodium carbonate and magnesium oxide. The optimum bio-oil was analyzed and properties have been investigated and compared to diesel fuel physical properties.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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