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Effects of Neutrally Buoyant Particles on Gas-Liquid-Solid Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
Xinyu Zhang

University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo, China

Goodarz Ahmadi

Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY

Paper No. FEDSM2013-16299, pp. V01CT25A003; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2013-16299
From:
  • ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Liquid-Solids Flows; Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow; Noninvasive Measurements in Single and Multiphase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes; Transport Phenomena in Mixing; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives
  • Incline Village, Nevada, USA, July 7–11, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5556-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

A numerical study is carried out to investigate the effects of neutrally buoyant particles on gas-liquid-solid flows in bubble columns. An Eulerian-Lagrangian model is used, where the liquid flow is modeled using a volume-averaged system of governing equations, while motions of bubbles and particles are evaluated using Lagrangian trajectory approach. The bubbles are assumed to remain spherical in the simulation. Bubble-liquid interaction and particle-liquid interaction are included in the study. The drag, lift, buoyancy, and virtual mass forces are included for the discrete phases. Particle-particle interactions and bubble-bubble interactions are simulated using a hard sphere model. Bubble coalescence is also included in the analysis. Neutrally buoyant particles are used in the study. A parcel approach is used where a parcel represents a certain number of particles of the same size, velocity, and other properties. The predicted results were compared with the experimental data in a previous work, and the oscillation of the bubble plume was successfully predicted. The transient flow characteristics of a gas-liquid-solid three-phase flow with a particle volume loading of 6% and a gas-liquid two-phase flow are studied and the effects of neutrally buoyant particles are discussed. The simulations show that the presence of particles can affect the characteristics of the flows and the case without particles leads to a less oscillatory flow.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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