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Investigation of the Bubble Formation in Liquid Cross-Flow Using a Novel Nozzle Design

[+] Author Affiliations
Mona Hassanzadeh Jobehdar, Kamran Siddiqui

University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

Aly H. Gadallah

Tanta University, Tanta, EgyptUniversity of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

Wajid A. Chishty

Institute for Aerospace Research, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2013-16498, pp. V01CT17A015; 7 pages
  • ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1C, Symposia: Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Liquid-Solids Flows; Multiscale Methods for Multiphase Flow; Noninvasive Measurements in Single and Multiphase Flows; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes; Transport Phenomena in Mixing; Turbulent Flows: Issues and Perspectives
  • Incline Village, Nevada, USA, July 7–11, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5556-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada


Injection of bubbly gas flow into a liquid stream has wide application in chemical and biochemical industries. In these applications, generation of smaller bubble at higher frequency is desirable to achieve better reaction efficiency.

We report on an experimental study conducted to investigate the bubble formation in liquid cross-flow using a novel nozzle design developed by Gadallah and Siddiqui [1]. This design is based on the creation of two side holes in the standard nozzle near the main nozzle hole. The experiments were performed in an acrylic square flow channel and high speed imaging was used to capture bubble dynamics. An image processing algorithm was used to quantify the size and frequency of detached bubbles and to track each individual bubble at different gas flow rates and liquid velocities.

The results show that the new design of nozzle generates more bubbles of smaller size compared to the standard nozzle with no side hole at low liquid flow rates. It was observed that while the liquid velocity has crucial affect on the bubble size and detachment frequency from a standard nozzle, these parameters are weakly dependent on the liquid flow rate in the novel nozzle. The results show that at low liquid flow rates or in the stagnant liquid, the novel nozzle generates bubbles that are more than 20% smaller in size and more than two times faster compared to the standard nozzle.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada



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