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Ultrasonic Cavitation Peening of Stainless Steel and Nickel Alloy

[+] Author Affiliations
Yibo Gao, Benxin Wu, Ze Liu, Yun Zhou

Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL

Paper No. MSEC2013-1236, pp. V001T01A060; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the 41st North American Manufacturing Research Conference
  • Volume 1: Processing
  • Madison, Wisconsin, USA, June 10–14, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5545-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Ultrasonic cavitation peening is a peening process utilizing the high pressure induced by ultrasonic cavitation in liquids (typically water). However, the relevant previous investigations in the literature have been limited. In this paper, ultrasonic cavitation peening on stainless steel and nickel alloy has been studied, including the observation or characterization of the surface hardness, morphology, profile, roughness and oxygen contamination of treated workpiece samples. It has been found that for the studied situations, ultrasonic cavitation peening (at a sufficiently high horn vibration amplitude) can obviously enhance the workpiece surface hardness without significantly increasing the surface roughness, changing surface morphology observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), or contaminating the surface by oxygen.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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