Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Finite Element Modeling on Dislocation Density and Grain Size Evolution in Machined Surface

[+] Author Affiliations
Liqiang Ding, Xueping Zhang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

C. Richard Liu

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Paper No. MSEC2013-1130, pp. V001T01A028; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference collocated with the 41st North American Manufacturing Research Conference
  • Volume 1: Processing
  • Madison, Wisconsin, USA, June 10–14, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Manufacturing Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5545-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Machining process usually induces Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) in the chip and machined surface, which will further lead to rapid increase of dislocation density and alteration of grain size in micro-scale. This paper presents a novel FE model to simulate the dislocation density and grain size evolution in the machined surface and subsurface generated from the orthogonal cutting process of Al6061-T6. A dislocation density model of microstructure evolution is implemented in the FE model as a user-defined subroutine written in FORTRAN. The model can predict the microstructure characteristic in a machined surface. The predicted chip thicknesses, cutting forces, distributions of dislocation density and grain size are verified by the experimental tests of the chip, forces, microstructure and micro-hardness. The predicted results show that the dislocation density decreases along the depths of machined surface; whereas the grain size shows an opposite tendency. Dislocation density in machined surface decreases and grain size increases when cutting speed increases. Higher cutting speeds are associated with thinner deformation layers. Dislocation density in a machined surface decreases initially and then increases with feed rates. Dislocation density increases significantly when cutting tool has a larger negative rake angle. The bigger negative rake angles further lead to the thicker deformation layers in machined surface.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In