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Forced Response Analysis of a Mistuned Compressor Blisk

[+] Author Affiliations
Bernd Beirow, Arnold Kühhorn, Thomas Giersch

Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Cottbus, Germany

Jens Nipkau

Rolls-Royce Deutschland, Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94142, pp. V07BT31A003; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94142
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 7B: Structures and Dynamics
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5527-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The forced response of an E3E-type HPC-blisk front rotor is analyzed with regard to varying mistuning and the consideration of the fluid-structure interaction (FSI). For that purpose, a reduced order model is used in which the disk remains unchanged and mechanical properties of the blades namely stiffness and damping are adjusted to measured as well as intentional blade frequency mistuning distributions. The aerodynamic influence coefficient technique is employed to model the aeroelastics. Depending on the blade mode, the exciting engine order and aerodynamic influences it is sought for the worst mistuning distributions with respect to the maximum blade displacement based on optimization analyses. Genetic algorithms using blade alone frequencies as design variables are applied. The validity of the Whitehead-limit is assessed in this context. In particular, the question is addressed if and how far aeroelastic effects, mainly caused by aerodynamic damping, combined with mistuning can even cause a reduction of the forced response compared to the ideally tuned blisk. It is shown that the strong dependence of the aerodynamic damping on the inter-blade phase angle is the main driver for a possible response attenuation considering the fundamental as well as a higher blade mode. Furthermore, the differences to the blisk vibration response without a consideration of the flow and an increase of the disk’s stiffness are discussed. Closing, the influence of pure damping mistuning is analyzed again using optimization.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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