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Exploitation of Subharmonics for Separated Shear Layer Control on a High-Lift LPT Using Acoustic Forcing

[+] Author Affiliations
Chiara Bernardini

University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Stuart Benton, Jen-Ping Chen, Jeffrey P. Bons

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. GT2013-95995, pp. V06AT36A039; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95995
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The mechanism of separation control by sound excitation is investigated on the aft loaded LPT blade profile, the L1A, which experiences a large boundary layer separation at low Reynolds numbers. Previous work by the authors has shown that on a laminar separation bubble such as that experienced by the front-loaded L2F profile, sound excitation control has its best performance at the most unstable frequency of the shear layer due to the exploitation of the linear instability mechanism. The different loading distribution on the L1A increases the distance of the separated shear layer from the wall and the exploitation of the same linear mechanism is no longer effective in these conditions. However, significant control authority is found in the range of the first subharmonic of the natural unstable frequency. The amplitude of forced excitation required for significant wake loss reduction is higher than that needed when exploiting linear instability, but unlike the latter case, no threshold amplitude is found. The fluid-dynamics mechanisms under these conditions are investigated by PIV measurements. Phase-locked PIV data gives insight into the growth and development of structures as they are shed from the shear layer and merge to lock into the excited frequency. Unlike near-wall laminar separation sound control, it is found that when such large separated shear layers occur, sound excitation at subharmonics of the fundamental frequency is still effective with high Tu levels.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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