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Aerodynamic Effects of Non-Uniform Surface Roughness on a Turbine Blade

[+] Author Affiliations
Sebastian Hohenstein, Jens Aschenbruck, Joerg Seume

Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-95433, pp. V06AT36A031; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95433
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The effect on non-uniform surface roughness on the aerodynamics of a turbine blade is investigated. Surface roughness on airfoils has a significant impact on total energy loss due to skin friction and typically leads to an increased thermal loading. In the present research project, investigations are supposed to be carried out experimentally. For this a blade must be designed, which accommodates the contradictory requirements of aerodynamics and manufacturing the sections of surface roughness. A fully automatic design process based on a genetic algorithm is developed and results are shown. The designed blade sufficiently fulfills the given requirements.

A numerical study, using a low-Reynolds approach, is performed to investigate the influence of non-uniform roughness applied to different positions on the suction side of a high pressure turbine blade. It is shown that roughness applied at the leading and trailing edge does not significantly influence the flow whereas roughness at 20% cord length and at midchord induce transition. Especially surface roughness at 20% chord length shows a strong correlation to the change of total pressure loss.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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