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Parametric Optimization of Unsteady Endwall Blowing on a Highly Loaded LPT

[+] Author Affiliations
Stuart I. Benton, Chiara Bernardini, Jeffrey P. Bons

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Rolf Sondergaard

U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. GT2013-95113, pp. V06AT36A026; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Efforts to reduce blade count and avoid boundary layer separation have led to low-pressure turbine airfoils with significant increases in loading as well as front-loaded pressure distributions. These features have been independently shown to increase losses within the secondary flow field at the endwall. Compound angle blowing from discrete jets on the blade suction surface near the endwall has been shown to be effective in reducing these increased losses and enabling the efficient use of highly loaded blade designs. In this study, experiments are performed on the front loaded L2F low-pressure turbine airfoil in a linear cascade. The required mass flow is reduced by decreasing hole count from previous configurations and from the introduction of unsteady blowing. The effects of pulsing frequency and duty cycle are investigated using phase-locked stereo particle image velocimetry to demonstrate the large scale movement and hysteresis behavior of the passage vortex interacting with the pulsed jets. Total pressure loss contours at the cascade outlet demonstrate that the efficiency benefit is maintained with the use of unsteady forcing.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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