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An LP Turbine at Extreme Off-Design Operation

[+] Author Affiliations
Martin Lipfert, Martin Marx, Martin G. Rose, Stephan Staudacher

Stuttgart University, Stuttgart, Germany

Inga Mahle, Udo Freygang, Markus Brettschneider

MTU Aero Engines GmbH, Munich, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94631, pp. V06AT36A016; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In a cooperative project between the Institute of Aircraft Propulsion Systems (ILA) and MTU Aero Engines GmbH a two-stage low pressure turbine with integrated 3D airfoil and endwall contouring is tested. The experimental data taken in the altitude test-facility study the effect of high incidence in off-design operation. Steady measurements are covering a wide range of Reynolds numbers between 40,000 and 180,000. The results are compared with steady multistage CFD predictions with a focus on the stator rows. A first unsteady simulation is taken into account as well. The CFD simulations include leakage flow paths with disc cavities modeled. Compared to design operation the extreme off-design high-incidence conditions lead to a different flow-field Reynolds number sensitivity. Airfoil lift data reveals changing incidence with Reynolds number of the second stage. Increased leading edge loading of the second vane indicates a strong cross channel pressure gradient in the second stage leading to larger secondary flow regions and a more three-dimensional flow field.

Global characteristics and area traverse data of the second vane are discussed. The unsteady CFD approach indicates improvement in the numerical prediction of the predominating flow field.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Design , Turbines



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