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Flow Investigations in the Tip Gap of Rotor Blade Tips With Squealer Cavity

[+] Author Affiliations
Andreas Fischer, Jörg König, Jürgen Czarske

Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Clemens Rakenius, Gregor Schmid, Heinz-Peter Schiffer

Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

Paper No. GT2013-94460, pp. V06AT36A012; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94460
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The tip leakage flow in turbines is considered to be responsible/or significant machine losses. An efficient reduction of these losses by e. g. squealer cavities at rotor blade tips requires a detailed physical and quantitative understanding of the tip leakage flow. For this purpose, numerical flow simulations are a valuable tool, but they have to be validated by measurements. However, non-intrusive, optical flow measurements in a rotating machine are challenging due to the small tip gap dimensions.

Using an optimized optical setup, all three velocity components of the tip gap flow field were resolved while the turbine (1.5 stage low Mach number turbine test rig) was running with 930Hz blade passing frequency at the design point. The measurement results are in good qualitative agreement with numerical flow simulations. The gap flow above the squealer cavity is not homogeneous, but has several flow gradients, which mainly result from the blade tip geometry and the continuity of the flow. Furthermore, the flow structure between two successive rotor blades was resolved yielding the size and shape of the tip leakage vortex downstream at the suction side of the rotor blade in the measurement plane. Consequently, the capabilities of the applied measurement approach opens promising perspectives toward the development of optimum blade tip designs with minimized tip leakage.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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