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Numerical Study on the Effect of Seal Leakage Flow on Low Pressure Axial Compressor Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Balazs Farkas, Nicolas Van de Wyer, Jean-Francois Brouckaert

Von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Gense, Belgium

Paper No. GT2013-95689, pp. V06AT35A039; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95689
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents the extended numerical studies of a one and a half stage axial compressor designed for the LP compressor of a contra-rotating fan engine architecture. The essence of this architecture is given by the fact that the LP compressor rotor is mounted on the same shaft as the second fan stage which results in a lower rotational speed and therefore a much higher loading than in conventional high bypass-ratio aero-engines. The compressor itself was designed at VKI and subsequently tested in the closed loop test facility (VKI-R4) which allowed to compare numerical predictions with experimental data. In this study, particular interest was given to investigate the effect of the seal-leakage flow around the stator hub platform on the performance. To study the effect of the seal-leakage flow three different seal cavity configurations with different seal-tooth gaps sizes were simulated in comparison with no-cavity configuration. This set of investigations allowed to assess the different models by comparison with the results obtained experimentally. This comparison was made on the global performance of the stage, including the impact on the stability range, as well as on the flow field itself in particular in the rotor and stator exit planes. The computations were performed by using the Numeca developed code FINE/Turbo with steady RANS solver.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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