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A Theoretical Model for Flow Instability Inception in Transonic Fan/Compressors

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiaofeng Sun, Xiaohua Liu, Dakun Sun

Beihang University, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2013-94698, pp. V06AT35A010; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94698
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 6A: Turbomachinery
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5522-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

This paper applies a theoretical model, which has been developed recently, to calculate the flow instability inception of axial transonic fan/compressors system. After the mean flow field is computed by steady CFD simulation, a body force approach, which is a function of flow field data, is taken to represent the effects of discrete blades on the flow field and duplicate the physical sources of flow turning and loss. Further by applying appropriate boundary conditions and spectral collocation method, a group of homogeneous equations will yield from which the stability equation can be derived. The singular value decomposition method is adopted over a series of fine grids in frequency domain to solve the resultant eigenvalue problem, and the onset point of flow instability can be judged by the imaginary part of the resultant eigenvalue. The present investigation is to validate the feasibility of calculating the stall onset point for single stage transonic compressor. It is shown that this model is capable of predicting instability inception point of transonic flow with reasonable accuracy, and it is sustainable in terms of computational cost for industrial application. It is shown that this model can provide an unambiguous judgment on stall inception without numerous requirements of empirical relations of loss and deviation angle. It provides a possibility to check over-predicted stall margin during the design phase of new high speed fan/compressors. In addition, the effect of flow compressibility on the stall onset point calculation for transonic rotor is studied.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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