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Simulation of a Heat Recovery Steam Generator Operating in a Combined Cycle Plant

[+] Author Affiliations
Raphael Duarte, Sandro Ferreira, Rafael Barbosa

GT2 Energia, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Paper No. GT2013-94239, pp. V004T06A005; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Ceramics; Concentrating Solar Power Plants; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5518-8
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The heavy duty gas turbines evolution led to higher combined cycle efficiencies. Thus, more complex heat recovery steam generators were developed in order to maximize the use of that energy potential. Therefore, computational models capable to predict the operational conditions of the equipment may be needed in order to analyze the system behavior for different situations. This article describes a computational model able to simulate the off-design behavior of a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) operating in a combined cycle power plant. The model was developed so that it can be used in both model-based diagnostics systems and performance evaluation systems. Each heat exchanger inside the HRSG was designed individually and arranged according to the analyzed equipment. The computer code’s architecture was built in such a way that it can be easily changed, allowing the analysis of other HRSG’s configurations with simple structural changes, given the program’s modularity. In order to deal with the lack of details of the power plant equipment, which means not enough geometrical information of each heat exchanger, a generic algorithm tool was used to calibrate the heat exchangers models using only the measured data of the power plant SCADA. The developed program was validated against operational data from a real plant and showed satisfactory results, confirming the robustness of this model.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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