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Design Considerations for Ceramic Matrix Composite Vanes for High Pressure Turbine Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert J. Boyle, Ankur H. Parikh, Vinod K. Nagpal

N&R Engineering and Management Services, Parma Heights, OH

Michael C. Halbig

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. GT2013-95104, pp. V004T02A007; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95104
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Ceramics; Concentrating Solar Power Plants; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5518-8
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Issues associated with replacing conventional metallic vanes with Ceramic Matrix Composite(CMC) vanes in the first stage of the High Pressure Turbine(HPT) are explored. CMC materials have higher temperature capability than conventional HPT vanes, and less vane cooling is required. The benefits of less vane coolant are less NOx production and improved vane efficiency. Comparisons between CMC and metal vanes are made at current rotor inlet temperatures and at an vane inlet pressure of 50 atm.. CMC materials have directionally dependent strength characteristics, and vane designs must accommodate these characteristics. The benefits of reduced NOx and improved cycle efficiency obtainable from using CMC vanes. are quantified Results are given for vane shapes made of a two dimensional CMC weave. Stress components due to thermal and pressure loads are shown for all configurations. The effects on stresses of: (1) a rib connecting vane pressure and suction surfaces; (2) variation in wall thickness; and (3) trailing edge region cooling options are discussed. The approach used to obtain vane temperature distributions is discussed. Film cooling and trailing edge ejection were required to avoid excessive vane material temperature gradients. Stresses due to temperature gradients are sometimes compressive in regions where pressure loads result in high tensile stresses.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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