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Foreign Object Damage (FOD) of Ceramic Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBCs) in Gas Turbine Airfoils

[+] Author Affiliations
Jennifer M. Wright, D. Calvin Faucett, Matthew Ayre, Sung R. Choi

Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, MD

Paper No. GT2013-95054, pp. V004T02A006; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 4: Ceramics; Concentrating Solar Power Plants; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Electric Power; Fans and Blowers
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5518-8


Ceramic thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), attributed to their inherent brittle nature, are highly susceptible to damage by impacting foreign particles when the impacting kinetic energy exceeds certain limits. The damage is termed foreign object damage (FOD) in related turbine components and results in various issues/problems to coatings as well as to substrates from delamination to spallation to cracking to catastrophic failure depending on the severity of impact. The FOD testing was performed using a ballistic impact gun for turbine airfoil components coated with 7% yittria stabilized zirconia (7YSZ) by electron beam physical vapor deposit (EB-PVD). A range of impact velocities up to Mach 1 was applied with three different projectile materials of steel, silicon nitride, and glass balls. The damage was assessed and characterized in terms of impact velocity, projectile material, and remaining life of turbine components. An energy-balance approach was made to develop a model to predict delamination of the TBCs upon impact.



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