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Numerical Prediction of NOx Emission and Exit Temperature Pattern in a Model Staged Lean Premixed Prevaporized Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
Man Zhang, Hao Wu, Hao Wang

AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China

Paper No. GT2013-95235, pp. V03CT17A008; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95235
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5516-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Steady-state Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are solved in the present numerical investigation to simulate the reactive two-phase flow in a model aero-engine combustor, and the reactive flow field with NOx emissions is analyzed. The gaseous phase is modeled by the modified SST turbulence model, and the liquid phase is modeled by Lagrangian tracking method considering the droplet breakup, collision and evaporation. Turbulence-combustion interaction is modeled by the extended coherent flame model, and NOx emissions are modeled by solving the species transport equation based on the assumption of frozen temperature. The fuel system of the present simulated combustor is radially staged, with a main stage employing the principle of lean prevaporized and premixed (LPP) concept to reduce pollutant emission, and a pilot stage burning a diffusion flame for flame stability. For the exit temperature quality improvement, dilution air is assigned with little amount of airflow. Detailed numerical results including exit temperature distribution, dominant burning performances and species distributions are evaluated for the combustion with and without dilution air. The influence of upstream burning characteristics to downstream temperature distribution is assessed. Numerical prediction of NOx emission demonstrates its capability of a reasonable reduction, and the exit temperature pattern with the dilution air is also able to fulfill its design target.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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