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Investigation of the Effect of Perforated Sheath on Thermal-Flow Characteristics Over a Gas Turbine Reverse-Flow Combustor: Part 2 — Computational Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Liang Wang, Ting Wang

University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA

Paper No. GT2013-94475, pp. V03CT17A003; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5516-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The objective of Part 2 is to employ a computational scheme to investigate the difference in flow pattern, pressure drop, and heat transfer in a gas turbine’s dump diffuser and over the outer surface of the combustor with and without a sheath. Both experimental and computational studies are performed. In Part 1, the experiments are conducted under low pressure and temperature laboratory conditions to provide a database to validate the computation model, which is then used to simulate the thermal-flow field surrounding the combustor and transition piece under elevated gas turbine operating conditions.

For laboratory conditions, the CFD results show that (a) the predicted local static pressure values are higher than the experimental data but the prediction of the global total pressure losses matches the experimental data very well; (b) the total pressure losses are 1.19% for the no-sheath case and 1.89% for the sheathed case, which are within 3% of the experimental values; and (c) the temperature difference between the sheathed and non-sheathed cases is in the range of 5∼10K or 16%–32% based on the temperature scale between the highest and lowest temperature in the computational domain.

In summary, removing the sheath can harvest a significant pressure recovery of approximately 3% of the total pressure, but it will be subject to a wall temperature increase of about 500K (900°F or a 36% increase) on the outer radial part of the transition piece, where the flow is slow due to diffusion and recirculation in the large dump diffuser cavity near the turbine end. If modern advanced materials or coatings could sustain a wall temperature of about 200K higher than those currently available, the shield could be removed with the condition that a special cooling scheme (such as a water spray system) must be applied locally in this region. Otherwise, removal of the shield is not recommended.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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