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Validation of Surface Pressure Predictions for Nozzle Airfoil and Endwall Film Cooling Design Using Transonic Cascade Measurements

[+] Author Affiliations
Jason E. Dees, James A. Tallman

GE Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY

Michael A. Heminger, Daniel Wilde

QuEST Global Services, Greenville, SC

Paper No. GT2013-94921, pp. V03CT14A012; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5516-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This study compares surface pressure measurements and predictions for a high pressure turbine first-stage nozzle vane. The surface pressure measurements were taken in a 3D annular cascade, consisting of four airfoils and five passages. The cascade was uncooled, axisymmetric at both inner and outer endwalls, and reproduced the design intent Reynolds and Mach numbers of the real engine component. Static pressure measurements were taken along the airfoil profile at 15, 50, and 85% span, with duplicate midspan measurements across the four airfoils for assessing the tangential periodicity of the flow. Static pressure measurements were also taken on the inner and outer endwall surfaces of the center airfoil passage, with 40 measurement points uniformly distributed over each endwall. Three methods of surface pressure prediction were compared with the data: (1) a 2D inviscid CFD solution of a single airfoil passage at fixed spanwise locations, (2) a 3D RANS CFD solution of a single airfoil passage, and (3) a 3D RANS CFD solution of the full five-passage cascade domain. Both of the single-passage solutions assumed flowfield periodicity in the tangential direction and compared favorably to the center passage airfoil data. This finding suggested that the cascade center passage was sufficiently representative of the full-annulus turbomachine environment and validated the cascade for further experimental studies. The adjacent airfoil pressure measurements quantified the passage-to-passage variation in the cascade flowfield, and the 3D full-cascade CFD compared favorably with the peripheral airfoil data. The full-cascade CFD also compared favorably with the data on both endwalls: with an average and maximum deviation of 0.5 and 2%, respectively. These findings provide confidence in the 3D CFD methods for use in determining local flow rates from cooling/leakage geometry, and serve as an important first step toward validating the methods for real-engine blockage effects like coolant and endwall contouring.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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