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CFD Simulations of Full Surface Passive Effusion Mass Injections in a Rectangular S-Bend Diffuser

[+] Author Affiliations
B. C. N. Ng, A. M. Birk

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2013-94700, pp. V03BT13A031; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3B: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5515-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


A coarse grid CFD methodology was employed to simulate internal flow passages with full coverage effusion cooling by imposing momentum sinks on effusion cooled surfaces based on a perforated plate pressure loss analogy. The methodology was implemented by specifying 1D Porous Jump boundary conditions (available in ANSYS FLUENT) on the effusion cooled surfaces.

Numerical simulations were conducted based on the experimental data of an S-duct diffusing passage where ambient air was passively drawn into the sub-atmospheric passage along the different effusion surfaces with 1 mm diameter holes spaced 4 mm apart. The porous wall simulations were also compared to an alternative CFD approach with mass inlet boundary specified on the effusion surfaces.

The proposed porous wall model is promising for practical design applications with the reasonable simulations of the S-duct flow fields with effusion injections. A reasonable accuracy in the results of injection mass flow rates was also obtained for the different effusion configurations. Discrepancies in the simulations of flow momentum components were mainly contributed to the diminishing effects of discrete injections at the aft-section of cooling surface due to the development of a shear layer across the free surfaces (porous jump boundaries) between the main flow and coolant flow.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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