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Evaluation of RANS Predictions on a Linear Nozzle Vane Cascade With Trailing Edge Cutback Film Cooling

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Ravelli, G. Barigozzi

University of Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, Italy

Paper No. GT2013-94694, pp. V03BT13A030; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94694
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3B: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5515-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The present study concentrates on the numerical investigation of a cooled trailing edge in a linear nozzle vane cascade typical of a high-pressure turbine. The trailing edge cooling features a pressure side cutback with film cooling slots, stiffened by evenly spaced ribs in an inline configuration. Cooling air is also ejected through two rows of cooling holes placed on the pressure side, upstream of the cutback. The main goal is to evaluate the reliability of RANS predictions in such a complex cooling system. Different coolant-to-mainstream mass flow ratio values up to MFR = 2.8% were simulated at exit Mach number of M2is = 0.2. The computed performance of the trailing edge cooling scheme was compared to available measurements of: holes and cutback exit velocity and discharge behavior; boundary layer along traverses located on the pressure side, downstream of each row of cooling holes and approaching the trailing edge; adiabatic film cooling effectiveness. Special emphasis was dedicated to coolant-mainstream interaction and film cooling effectiveness over the pressure surface of the vane. Despite the steady approach, the simulations provided a reliable overview of coolant and mainstream aerodynamic features. The limitations in predicting the measured drop in cooling effectiveness toward the trailing edge were highlighted as well.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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