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Full-Coverage Film Cooling: Heat Transfer Coefficients and Film Effectiveness for a Sparse Hole Array at Different Blowing Ratios and Contraction Ratios

[+] Author Affiliations
Phillip Ligrani, Matt Goodro

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Michael D. Fox, Hee-Koo Moon

Solar Turbines Inc., San Diego, CA

Paper No. GT2013-94649, pp. V03BT13A026; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94649
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3B: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5515-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The present experimental investigation considers a full coverage film cooling arrangement with differrent streamwise static pressure gradients. The film cooling holes in adjacent streamwise rows are staggered with respect to each other, with sharp edges, and streamwise inclination angles of 20 degrees with respect to the liner surface. Data are provided for turbulent film cooling, contraction ratios of 1 and 4, blowing ratios (at the test section entrance) of 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0, coolant Reynolds numbers of 12,000, freestream temperatures from 75°C to 115°C, a film hole diameter of 7 mm, and density ratios from 1.15 to 1.25. Non-dimensional streamwise and spanwise film cooling hole spacings, X/D and Y/D, are 18, and 5, respectively. Data illustrating the effects of contraction ratio, blowing ratio, and streamwise location on local, line-averaged and spatially-averaged adiabatic film effectiveness data, and on local, line-averaged and spatially-averaged heat transfer coefficient data are presented. Varying blowing ratio values are utilized along the length of the contraction passage, which contains the cooling hole arrangement, when contraction ratio is 4. Dependence on blowing ratio indicates important influences of coolant concentration and distribution. For example, line-averaged and spatially-averaged adiabatic effectiveness data show vastly different changes with blowing ratio BR for the configurations with contraction ratios of 1 and 4. These changes from acceleration are thus mostly due to different blowing ratio distributions along the test section. In particular, much larger effectiveness alterations are present as BR changes from 2.0 to 10.0, when significant acceleration is present and Cr = 4 (in comparison with the Cr = 1 data). When BR = 10.0, much smaller changes due to different contract ratios are present. This is because coolant distributions along the test surfaces are so abundant that magnitudes of streamwise acceleration (and different streamwise variations of blowing ratio) have little effect on near-wall film concentration distributions, or on variations of film cooling effectiveness.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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