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An Experimental Study of Mist/Air Film Cooling on a Flat Plate With Application to Gas Turbine Airfoils: Part 1 — Heat Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
Lei Zhao, Ting Wang

University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA

Paper No. GT2013-94477, pp. V03BT13A014; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94477
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3B: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5515-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling is a cooling technique widely used in high-performance gas turbines to protect the turbine airfoils from being damaged by hot flue gases. Motivated by the need to further improve film cooling in terms of both cooling effectiveness and coolant coverage area, the mist/air film cooling scheme is investigated through experiments in this study. A small amount of tiny water droplets (7% wt.) with an average diameter about 5 μm (mist) is injected into the cooling air to enhance the cooling performance. A wind tunnel system and test facility is specifically built for this unique experiment. A Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA) system is employed to measure droplet size, velocity, and turbulence information. An infrared camera and thermocouples are both used for temperature measurements. Part 1 is focused on the heat transfer result on the wall and Part 2 is focused on the two-phase droplet multiphase flow behavior.

Mist film cooling performance is evaluated and compared against air-only film cooling in terms of adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and film coverage. A row of five circular cylinder holes is used, injecting at an inclination angle of 30° into the main flow.

For the 0.6 blowing ratio cases, it is found that adding mist performs as wonderfully as we mindfully sought: the net enhancement reaches a maximum 190% locally and 128% overall at the centerline, the cooling coverage increases by 83%, and more uniform surface temperature is achieved. The latter is critical for reducing wall thermal stresses.

When the blowing ratio increases from 0.6 to 1.4, both the cooling coverage and net enhancement are reduced to below 60%. Therefore, it is more beneficial to choose a relatively low blowing ratio to keep the coolant film attached to the surface when applying the mist cooling.

The concept of Film Decay Length (FDL) is introduced and proven to be a useful guideline to quantitatively evaluate the effective cooling coverage and cooling decay rate.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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