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Influence of Coolant Density on Turbine Platform Film-Cooling With Stator-Rotor Purge Flow and Compound-Angle Holes

[+] Author Affiliations
Kevin Liu, Shang-Feng Yang, Je-Chin Han

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. GT2013-94155, pp. V03BT13A004; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94155
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3B: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5515-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

A detailed parametric study of film-cooling effectiveness was carried out on a turbine blade platform. The platform was cooled by purge flow from a simulated stator-rotor seal combined with discrete hole film-cooling. The cylindrical holes and laidback fan-shaped holes were accessed in terms of film-cooling effectiveness. This paper focuses on the effect of coolant-to-mainstream density ratio on platform film-cooling (DR = 1 to 2). Other fundamental parameters were also examined in this study — a fixed purge flow of 0.5%, three discrete-hole film-cooling blowing ratios between 1.0 and 2.0, and two freestream turbulence intensities of 4.2% and 10.5%. Experiments were done in a five-blade linear cascade with inlet and exit Mach number of 0.27 and 0.44, respectively. Reynolds number of the mainstream flow was 750,000 and wad based on the exit velocity and chord length of the blade. The measurement technique adopted was conduction-free pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique. Results indicated that with the same density ratio, shaped holes present higher film-cooling effectiveness and wider film coverage than the cylindrical holes, particularly at higher blowing ratios. The optimum blowing ratio of 1.5 exists for the cylindrical holes, whereas the effectiveness for the shaped holes increases with increase of blowing ratio. Results also show that the platform film-cooling effectiveness increases with density ratio but decreases with turbulence intensity.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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