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Soot Formation and Flame Characterization of an Aero-Engine Model Combustor Burning Ethylene at Elevated Pressure

[+] Author Affiliations
Klaus Peter Geigle, Wolfgang Meier

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Stuttgart, Germany

Redjem Hadef

Université Larbi Ben M’Hidi, Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria

Paper No. GT2013-95316, pp. V01BT04A024; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-95316
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5511-9
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Swirl-stabilized, non-premixed ethylene/air flames were investigated at pressures up to 5 bars to study the effect of different operating parameters on soot formation and oxidation. Focus of the experiments was the establishment of a data base describing well defined flames, serving for validation of numerical simulation. Good optical access via pressure chamber windows and combustion chamber windows enables application of laser-induced incandescence to derive soot volume fractions after suitable calibration. This results in ensemble averaged as well as instantaneous soot distributions. Beyond pressure, parameters under study were the equivalence ratio, thermal power and amount of oxidation air. Latter could be injected radially into the combustor downstream of the main reaction zone through holes in the combustion chamber posts. Combustion air was introduced through a dual swirl injector whose two flow rates were controlled separately. The split of those air flows provided an additional parameter variation. Nominal power of the operating points was approximately 10 kW/bar leading to a maximum power of roughly 50 kW, not including oxidation air.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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